The prostate is a small gland about the size of a walnut, located below the urinary bladder of men and surrounds the urethra (the tube through which urine passes out of the body). It has an important function in male reproduction. After the age of 50 years, prostate problems are very common. Due to the action of the male sex hormone, the prostate enlarges. Prostatic enlargement is benign in most individuals. However, the enlargement can also attain malignant proportion in some patients.
Some problems that a man may face related to prostate are:
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia
- Acute bacterial prostatitis
- Chronic bacterial prostatitis
- Chronic prostatitis
- Prostate cancer
Symptoms of enlarged prostate can include:
- A weak or slow urinary stream
- A feeling of incomplete bladder emptying
- Difficulty starting urination
- Frequent urination
- Urgency to urinate
- Getting up frequently at night to urinate
- A urinary stream that starts and stops
- Straining to urinate
- Continued dribbling of urine
- Returning to urinate again minutes after finishing
For cancer that has not spread from the prostate to other parts of the body, your doctor may suggest:
- Watchful Waiting or Active Surveillance.
- Radiation Therapy.
- Hormone Therapy.
Signs that indicate a prostate problem are:
- Frequent urge to urinate: you may feel like using the washroom again and again
- Need to get up many times during the night to urinate
- Not being able to urinate: Enlargement of the prostate may block the urinary tube, as a result one may not be able to urinate.
- Blood in urine or semen
- Painful or burning urination
- Painful ejaculation
- Frequent pain or stiffness in lower back, hips, pelvic or rectal area, or upper thighs
- Dribbling of urine
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